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Specializing in hillside work where dangerous terrain prevents the use of heavy equipment. Del Rey Paving has worked in the Hollywood Hills/Beverly Hills/Malibu Hills, Topanga Canyon/Kanan Road/Zuma Beach and on into Ventura. (Our safety and complaint records are impeccable.)

West Hollywood is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Incorporated in 1984, it is home to the Sunset Strip. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, its population was 35,757.

Most historical writings about West Hollywood begin in the late-18th century with European colonization when the Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho traveled to and eventually laid claim on the region for Spain. Around 5,000 of the indigenous inhabitants from the Tongva Indian tribe canoed out to greet the ship. The Tongva tribe was a nation of hunter-gatherers known for their reverence for dance and courage. By 1771, these native people had been severely ravaged by the diseases brought in by the Europeans from across wide oceans. The Spanish mission system changed the name of the Tongva tribe to "Gabrielinos", in reference to the Mission de San Gabriel. Early in 1770 Gaspar de Portola's Mexican expeditionary force stopped just south of the Santa Monica Mountains near what would become West Hollywood. Here they collected pitch (brea in Spanish) from tar pits which they used to waterproof their belongings and to say Mass. The Gabrielinos are believed to have burned the pitch for fuel.

By 1780, what became the "Sunset Strip" was the major connecting road for El Pueblo de Los Angeles, and all ranches westward to the Pacific Ocean. This land passed through the hands of various owners during the next one hundred years, and it was called names such as "La Brea" and "Plummer" that are listed in historical records. Most of this area was part of the Rancho La Brea, and eventually it came to be owned by the Henry Hancock family.

During the final decade years of the nineteenth century, the first large land reconstruction of the town of "Sherman" significantly accelerated the development of the region. In what would later become West Hollywood—the town of "Sherman"—was established by Moses Sherman and his partners of the Los Angeles Pacific Railroad, an interurban railroad line which later became part of the Pacific Electric Railway system. Sherman became the location of the railroad's main shops, railroad yards, and "car barns". Many working-class employees of the railroad settled in this town. It was during this time that the city began to earn its reputation as a loosely regulated, liquor-friendly (during Prohibition) place for eccentric people wary of government interference. Despite several annexation attempts, the town elected not to become part of the City of Los Angeles. In a controversial decision, in 1925 Sherman adopted "West Hollywood", "...a moniker pioneered earlier in the decade by the West Hollywood Realty Board" as its informal name, though it remained under the governance of Los Angeles County.

For many decades, the area that is now the city of West Hollywood was an unincorporated area in the midst of Los Angeles. Because gambling was illegal in the city of Los Angeles, but still legal in Los Angeles County, the 1920s saw the proliferation of many casinos, night clubs, etc., along Sunset Boulevard (which starts near downtown Los Angeles and runs westward). These businesses were immune from the sometimes heavy-handed law-enforcement of the L.A. Police Department.

Some people connected with movie-making were attracted to this less-restricted area of the County, and a number of architecturally distinctive apartment buildings and hotels were built. Many interior designers, decorators and "to the trade" furnishing showrooms located in West Hollywood date back to the middle of the century.

Eventually, the area and its extravagant nightclubs fell out of favor. However, the Sunset Strip and its restaurants, saloons, and nightclubs continued to be an attraction for out-of-town tourists. During the late 1960s, the Sunset Strip was transformed again during the hippie movement which brought a thriving music publishing industry coupled with the "hippie" culture. Some young people from all over the country flocked to West Hollywood.

The most recent migration to West Hollywood came about after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when thousands of Russian Jews immigrated to the city. A majority of the 5,000 to 6,000 Russian Jews settled in two major immigration waves, 1978–79 and 1988–92. Other than New York, West Hollywood's Russian-speaking community is the most concentrated single Russian-speaking region in the United States.

The Gauntlet was a body piercing business founded by Jim Ward in West Hollywood that is considered the first business of its type in the United States and was the beginning of the body piercing industry. The Gauntlet began in November 1975, with its original location in Ward's West Hollywood home, but on the evening of Friday, November 17, 1978, it celebrated the grand opening of its first commercial location at 8720 Santa Monica Boulevard (also in West Hollywood).

Due to the expiration of rent control protections in L.A., a coalition of gay men, Russian Jews, and the elderly successfully held a vote to officially incorporate the City of West Hollywood in 1984; by electing a city council with an openly gay majority and immediately passing a series of rent control measures to protect its longtime citizens. West Hollywood then immediately adopted one of the strongest rent control laws in the nation.

The city of West Hollywood gave the keys to the city to Stormy Daniels on "Stormy Daniels Day", May 23, 2018.

West Hollywood is bounded by the city of Beverly Hills on the west, and by neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Hollywood Hills on the north, Hollywood on the east, the Fairfax District on the southeast, and Beverly Grove on the southwest. The city's irregular boundary is featured in its logo; it was largely formed from the unincorporated Los Angeles County area which had not become part of the surrounding cities.

West Hollywood benefits from a very dense, compact urban form with small lots, mixed land use, and a walkable street grid. According to Walkscore, a website that ranks cities based on walkability, West Hollywood is the most walkable city in California with a Walkscore of 89. Commercial corridors include the nightlife and dining focused on the Sunset Strip, along Santa Monica Boulevard, and the Avenues of Art and Design along Robertson, Melrose, and Beverly Boulevard.[citation needed]

Residential neighborhoods in West Hollywood include the Norma Triangle, West Hollywood North, West Hollywood West, West Hollywood East, and West Hollywood Heights, all of which are only a few blocks long or wide. Major intersecting streets typically provide amenities within walking distance of adjacent neighborhoods.

West Hollywood has a subtropical-semi-arid climate with year-round warm weather, although winter nights are cool. The record high temperature of 111 °F was recorded on September 26, 1963, while the record low of 24 °F was recorded on January 4, 1949. Rainfall is sparse (only 13 inches annually), and falls mainly during the winter months. Snow is extraordinarily rare in West Hollywood, with the last accumulation occurring in 1949.

The 2010 United States Census reported that West Hollywood had a population of 34,399. The population density was 18,225.6 inhabitants per square mile (7,036.9/km2). The racial makeup of West Hollywood was 28,979 (84.2%) White (77.9% Non-Hispanic White), 1,115 (3.2%) African American, 103 (0.3%) Native American, 1,874 (5.4%) Asian, 34 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,049 (3.0%) from other races, and 1,245 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,613 persons (10.5%).

The census reported that 34,290 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 109 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 22,511 households, out of which 1,141 (5.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,060 (13.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 852 (3.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 431 (1.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,094 (4.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1,321 (5.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13,434 households (59.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,606 (11.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.52. There were 4,343 families (19.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.42.

The population was spread out, with 1,578 people (4.6%) under the age of 18, 2,407 people (7.0%) aged 18 to 24, 16,228 people (47.2%) aged 25 to 44, 9,061 people (26.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,125 people (14.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 128.4 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 129.9 males.

There were 24,588 housing units at an average density of 13,027.4 per square mile (5,029.9/km), of which 4,976 (22.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,535 (77.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 7,874 people (22.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26,416 people (76.8%) lived in rental housing units.

During 2009–2013, West Hollywood had a median household income of $52,649, with 15.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.

As of 2019, gay men were 33% of the city's population; a 2013 survey had estimated the gay male population at 39%.

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,716 people, 23,120 households, and 5,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 18,992.7 inhabitants per square mile (7,333.1/km2). There were 24,110 housing units at an average density of 12,821.0 per square mile (4,950.2/km), making West Hollywood one of the most densely populated cities in the US. The racial makeup of the city was 86.4% White, 6.4% African American, 3.8% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.8% of the population.

There were 23,120 households, out of which 5.8% had children under the age of eighteen, 16.4% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 77.5% were non-families. 60.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% included someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.53, and the average family size was 2.50.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 5.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 48.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.4 males. For every 100 females aged eighteen and older, there were 125.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,914, and the median income for a family was $41,463. Males had a median income of $45,598 versus $35,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,302. About 7.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

According to the City's 2021 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:

Under the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis, the city plans to issue 40 licenses to either operate a dispensary, consumption lounge or delivery service. Eight licenses are planned in each of the following categories:

State law does not allow local governments to regulate adults in growing, using, or transporting marijuana for personal use but commercial activities, such as growing, testing, and selling cannabis within their jurisdiction may be regulated by each city by licensing none or only some of these activities. West Hollywood's first four dispensaries, Alternative Herbal Health Services, Los Angeles Patients and Caregivers Group, Zen Healing and MedMen WeHo, were granted temporary extensions in June 2019 to operate as retail businesses through the remainder of the year.

In July 2019, the West Hollywood Business License Commission approved a cannabis consumption license for Lowell Herb Co. In September 2019, Lowell Farms: A Cannabis Cafe opened with a menu of cannabis for consumption, THC-infused drinks and meals for cannabis-enhanced sense of taste and smell. It is the first cannabis cafe in the United States and will include the expertise of cannabis sommeliers, known as "budtenders" on site.

On August 20, 2020, the Original Cannabis Cafe (previously known as The Lowell Cafe in West Hollywood) became America's first restaurant allowed to serve legal marijuana to open in California. It became one of eight establishments granted a cannabis consumption license in West Hollywood. There were reportedly over 300 applicants, and the Original Cannabis Cafe states it was granted the first license.

The West Hollywood Halloween Carnival is an event that takes place annually on October 31. The largest Halloween street party in the United States (spanning over 1 mile (1.6 km) of Santa Monica Boulevard from La Cienega Boulevard on the East to Doheny and the Beverly Hills border on the West), the 2007 Carnival was reported to have more than 350,000 people in attendance, with some traveling from other countries specifically for the event.

Christopher Street West is an LGBT pride parade and festival that was first held in June 1970 in Hollywood to commemorate the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in New York. After incorporation, the event moved to West Hollywood and is typically held the second weekend in June.

One City One Pride is an LGBT Arts Festival held during the month of June in West Hollywood.

The West Hollywood Book Fair has been held in the fall since 2001. Past participants have included Andrew McCarthy, Deepak Chopra, and Rocco DiSpirito.

The Oscars is a major event in the city with a majority of the large Academy Award party venues being located in the city. Many streets are closed and traffic swells on this day each year.

Frontrunners LGBT Pride Run is a 5 km/10 km run/walk held on the Sunday morning of LGBT Pride.

The City of West Hollywood sponsors an animal walk and pet appreciation days throughout the year, which have in the past featured pet psychics and dog activities. During Halloween the week prior to October 31, animals can participate in a costume contest in West Hollywood Park. West Hollywood is in close proximity to Runyon Canyon Park's hiking trail and dog park in Hollywood.

The Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Awards Party has traditionally been held at the Pacific Design Center. It is a multimillion-dollar fundraiser for the foundation.

West Hollywood has many ongoing programs to celebrate the vibrant arts and unique culture of the city. The literary community is acknowledged with the year-round author series WeHo Reads, featuring new and noteworthy authors at the West Hollywood Library with a full day literary event each fall. An annual PowPow is presented by AIDS Project Los Angeles Red Circle Project and the City of West Hollywood. This event, held at Plummer Park promotes HIV awareness and prevention among the Native communities and features dance, music, food, and educational resources.

West Hollywood inaugurated the first City Poet, Steven Reigns, during the regular City Council meeting on October 6, 2014.

Approximately forty percent of the population identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. West Hollywood has become one of the world's top gay vacation spots for LGBT travelers and is at the center of gay California nightlife, including spas, shopping, and dining.

The city hosts expansive historical records of the LGBT community. The West Hollywood Library hosts an extensive collection of LGBT records, literature, and history, including the June L. Mazer Lesbian Archives, and the Ron Shipton HIV Information Center. According to an LA Times article, the ONE Archives Gallery and Museum is the first museum in Southern California exclusively dedicated to gay history.

In 2018, America's first city-wide Bi Pride event was held in West Hollywood.

The city government is headed by a five-member city council, including a mayor and a mayor pro tem who serve one-year terms. The positions of mayor and mayor pro tem are largely ceremonial positions which rotate between the council members, and both positions are largely not re-elected in concurrent terms. However, council members serve multiple non-concurrent terms in both offices. The five Council Members are Mayor Sepi Shyne, Mayor Pro Tempore John M. Erickson Councilmembers Chelsea Lee Byers, John Heilman, and Lauren Meister.

West Hollywood was the first city in the country to have a city council with a majority of gay members.

On February 19, 2001, West Hollywood became the second city in the United States (after Boulder, Colorado) to change the term pet "owner" to pet "guardian" in their municipal codes.

With West Hollywood being one of the most prominent gay-friendly cities in the United States, Proposition 8 had a higher rate of rejection than it did in any other city in Los Angeles County: 86% of the city voted against the amendment, which restricted marriage to heterosexual couples.

In the California State Legislature, West Hollywood is in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat María Elena Durazo, and in the 50th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Eloise Reyes.

On December 20, 2021, the California Citizens Redistricting Commission voted 14-0 in favor of a new state Assembly and Senate district maps and delivered those maps to the secretary of state on December 27, 2021. These maps take effect for California's 2022 state legislative elections, changing West Hollywood's Assembly District to AD 51 and Senate District to SD 24.

In the United States House of Representatives, West Hollywood is in California's 30th congressional district, represented by Democrat Adam Schiff.

West Hollywood is part of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4.

Elementary schools that serve sections of West Hollywood include:

(Some areas jointly zoned to Rosewood and West Hollywood)

Most of West Hollywood is zoned to Bancroft Middle School. Some portions in the south are zoned to John Burroughs Middle School. Students living in the Los Angeles area known as Beverly Hills Post Office, usually attend West Hollywood Elementary but then go to Emerson Middle School.

Private Schools in West Hollywood:

All of West Hollywood is zoned to Fairfax High School; some areas are jointly zoned to Fairfax High School and Hollywood High School.

The Center for Early Education and Pacific Hills School are private schools in West Hollywood.

Traffic congestion, public transport and parking are critical issues in the city due to its location between access to areas such as Greater Hollywood to the east and the San Fernando Valley to the north and the area of the Los Angeles West Side, with the Hollywood Hills creating a natural impediment to the north. Santa Monica Boulevard and Sunset Boulevard are critical east-west arteries in the metropolitan area, and Laurel Canyon Boulevard is a popular shortcut through the hills. Nearly 600 employees and 260 buses in the District 7 fleet of the LACMTA are based in a large facility on prime real estate near San Vicente Boulevard and Santa Monica Boulevard. The K Line extension to the Hollywood/Highland station is likely to pass through, or along, the edge of West Hollywood.

In August 2013, the City of West Hollywood launched a free Friday and Saturday night shuttle, the PickUp, connecting the eastern and western parts of the city. The goal of The PickUp is to provide an alternative to the automobile and bring an energetic and playful transit option to one of West Hollywood's busiest nighttime districts. The Public Relations Society of America Los Angeles Chapter (PRSA-LA) has recognized the City of West Hollywood with a PRism Award of Excellence in the category of New Product/Service Launch for the city's kick-off campaign for the PickUp.

In June 2018, the City of West Hollywood launched a new free shuttle service called The Sunset Trip. This service focuses on shuttling riders on Sunset Boulevard, but also crosses the PickUp shuttle route to allow transfers.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department operates the West Hollywood Station.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center in Hollywood, serving West Hollywood.

Fire protection in West Hollywood is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department. LACoFD operates Station 7, the battalion headquarters, and Station 8, both in West Hollywood, as a part of Battalion 1.

Emergency Medical Services are provided by LACoFD and McCormick Ambulance.

West Hollywood, with a gay male population of about 39%, has been disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic which has ravaged its gay male population since the early 1980s. The city funds or subsidizes an array of services for those living with HIV or AIDS. The AIDS Healthcare Foundation parks a Mobile HIV/STD testing van outside of the city's busiest nightclubs on Friday and Saturday nights, and again on Sunday afternoons. This outreach attempts to intervene with those young people most at-risk for HIV infection. Project Angel Food receives city funding to deliver hundreds of fresh lunches and dinners daily which are prepared under the supervision of a registered dietitian who tailors the meals to meet individual client's nutritional needs. AIDS Project Los Angeles (APLA) is a national leader for AIDS policy and advocacy issues and provides assistance to clients navigating the maze of available public benefits. APLA also provides free dental, psychotherapy and pharmaceutical services. Aid for AIDS provides direct financial support by assisting clients with rent, utility and pharmacy expenses. The city also subsidizes agencies that help clients train for a return to the workforce. The city permits all residents living with HIV/AIDS to have up to two pets in his or her home regardless of a landlord's specifications in the property's lease.

West Hollywood subsidizes programs for its growing population of children through a partnership with the USDA and local schools. "Healthy Start West Hollywood" is a program of the city's Social Services division that introduces pre-Kindergarten through High School age kids to the benefits of good nutrition through such activities as collective vegetable gardens and yoga.

The special needs of senior citizens are addressed through a variety of programs. West Hollywood either funds or subsidizes agencies that offer adult day care, a roommate matching service, and nutritious meals. The West Hollywood Senior Center provides recreational programs, excursions, and socializing as well as counseling and case management.

West Hollywood also seeks to address the health needs of residents who do not have adequate insurance by subsidizing the LA Free Clinic and The Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center. Residents can access free medical, dental, legal and mental health services between these two sites.

The West Hollywood's Public Safety Division publishes guides on sexual assault prevention, nightclub safety, and how to access rape services.

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the West Hollywood Library at 625 North San Vicente Boulevard.

Until early September 2011, the library was based at 715 North San Vicente Boulevard in a building designed by architect Edward H. Fickett. On September 6, 2011, the City of West Hollywood demolished that building, which aroused controversy among some community members, including the architect's wife.

The current library building officially opened to the public on October 1, 2011. The building, which was designed by architects Steve Johnson and James Favaro, received a favorable review in the Los Angeles Times that ended by calling it "...a tremendously encouraging achievement". Exterior surfaces of the library building and adjacent parking structure are decorated with murals by Shepard Fairey, Kenny Scharf and Marquis Lewis (aka Retna), and the interior incorporates design work by Fairey and David Wiseman.

The issue of Paparazzi chasing celebrities is raised regularly and the city participates in meetings with other nearby municipalities such as Beverly Hills and Los Angeles to discuss the problem and possible actions to better control the activity. The epicenter of the Thirty Mile Zone lies just blocks to the south of the city, and is the basis for the name of TMZ on TV, a paparazzi footage-based program. TMZ moved their operations from Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards to Los Angeles.

On May 28, 2018, Mayor John Duran announced that Stormy Daniels would receive the "Key to the City" alongside her attorney, Michael Avenatti. “In these politically tumultuous times, Stormy Daniels has proven herself to be a profile in courage by speaking truth to power even under threats to her safety and extreme intimidation from the current Administration”, said the mayor.

Actress Drew Barrymore grew up on Poinsettia Place until the age of 7, when she moved to Sherman Oaks; she moved back to West Hollywood at the age of 14.

Alta Loma Road is home to the Sunset Marquis Hotel with its 45-person Whisky Bar and NightBird Recording Studios, an underground music production facility. Alta Loma Road was one of the main locations for the film Perfect. Actor Sal Mineo lived on Holloway Drive in the 1970s; he was murdered in his carport just around the corner from Alta Loma.

The western stretch of Melrose Avenue, between Fairfax Avenue and Doheny Drive, is notable for its trendy clothing boutiques, interior design shops, restaurants and antique stores. The west end of Melrose Avenue, near the Pacific Design Center, is especially known for its exclusive furniture.

The area around Fountain Avenue, Harper Avenue and Havenhurst Drive contains a high concentration of landmark 1920s Spanish Revival and Art Deco apartment buildings by such noted architects as Leland Bryant. This historic district has been home to many celebrities and at one time the Sunset Tower at 8358 Sunset Boulevard was home to Frank Sinatra, Errol Flynn, the Gabor sisters, John Wayne and Howard Hughes.

Notable business and attractions in West Hollywood include:

Sometime in the 1940s, a sign appeared over the bar at Barney's Beanery that said "FAGOTS [sic] – STAY OUT." The message so offended locals that Life magazine did an article on opposition to the sign in 1964, which included a photograph of the owner steadfastly holding on to it. The owner died in 1968, and efforts continued to have the sign removed. The Gay Liberation Front organized a zap of the restaurant on February 7, 1970, to push for its removal. The sign disappeared that day. The sign was put up and taken down several times over the next 14 years, but the practice ended in December 1984, days after the city voted itself into existence. The then-mayor, Valerie Terrigno, the entire city council and gay-rights activists marched into Barney's and relieved the wall of the offending sign. It was held by Morris Kight for many years and now rests in the ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives.[citation needed]

Jewel-Thais Williams, who owned the bar Jewel's Catch One, originally opened the bar in 1973 because she experienced discrimination in both heterosexual bars and gay bars because she was both black and a woman.

A resident drew national attention during the 2008 presidential campaign by including a Sarah Palin mannequin hung in effigy in a Halloween display. The home's decorations also featured a doll of John McCain surrounded by decorative flames in the chimney. Some residents complained about the display as a hate crime, but the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department concluded the display did not violate any laws.

In March 2006, agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the U.S. Secret Service seized 250 fake denomination notes, each bearing a denomination of $1 billion, from a West Hollywood apartment.

In 1982, John Belushi died of a drug overdose at the Chateau Marmont hotel in Hollywood, adjacent to WeHo. On the night of his death, he was visited separately by friends Robin Williams (at the height of his own drug exploits) and Robert De Niro, each of whom left the premises, leaving Belushi in the company of assorted others, including Cathy Smith. This is just one of many notable sordid events at the location. A 1930s movie executive reportedly said, "If you must get into trouble, do it at the Chateau Marmont".

On Halloween night in 1993, actor River Phoenix died at age 23 of a drug overdose at the Viper Room, a club that was opened that year and was partly owned by actor Johnny Depp until 2004.

On January 8, 2006, New Zealand film director Lee Tamahori, dressed as a woman, was arrested for allegedly offering an undercover police officer oral sex on the corner of Santa Monica Boulevard and Lodi Place. He was convicted only of criminal trespass, having pleaded no contest in exchange for other charges being dropped.

On November 17, 2006, during a performance at the Laugh Factory, a cell phone video captured Michael Richards shouting "Shut up" to a heckler in the audience, followed by repeated shouts of "He's a nigger!" to the rest of the audience (using the word six times altogether), and also making a reference to lynching.

In 1985, West Hollywood was the first city to create a same-gender domestic partnership registration for its residents, as well as to offer same-gender domestic partner benefits for city employees. West Hollywood's comprehensive Domestic Partnership Ordinance allows those couples that are prohibited from marrying (same-sex) and those who can marry but choose not to (heterosexual), to register their union with the city. These unions are treated on an equal basis with legal marriages with respect to city-level benefits and services. In California as a whole, same-sex couples may enter domestic partnerships which offer them all of the state rights of marriage.

West Hollywood has inclusionary zoning laws governing development. The city established the Affordable Housing Trust Fund in 1986 requiring developers to either provide affordable housing in new projects or pay a fee in-lieu to the city which it directs towards other affordable housing projects.

In 1993 the West Hollywood City Council voted for West Hollywood to become the first official pro-choice city in America.

In 2006, the City Council passed a medicinal marijuana resolution, by a vote of 4–0, making it the first city in Southern California to adopt a lowest law enforcement priority law for cannabis offenses. The resolution stated, "it is not the policy of the City or its law enforcement agency to target possession of small amounts of cannabis and the consumption of non-medical cannabis in private by adults".

West Hollywood adopted one of the nation's first mandatory green building ordinances on October 1, 2007.

The city designed a law that pets are to be called "companions" and their owners "guardians" and was the first city in the country to outlaw the de-clawing of cats. In 2011, West Hollywood became the first city in the United States to ban the sale of clothing with real animal fur; the ban took effect on September 21, 2013. In May 2014, the ordinance was upheld by the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, after a local business had challenged the prohibition as unconstitutional.

Legislation prohibiting discrimination in the workplace on the basis of sexual orientation is widely recognized as the toughest in the nation. The city is one of 225 jurisdictions in the country where it is illegal to discriminate on the basis of gender identity or expression.

City legislation bans the sale of handguns, prohibits smoking in public places, and restricts the city from doing business directly or indirectly (via vendors) with any country known to violate human rights. The city has banned the use of gas-powered leaf blowers.

As of July 2023, West Hollywood has the country's highest minimum wage.

Services Near Me

 Paving in West Hollywood, California

Whether you are paving a driveway, path, or a patio, you will want to make sure you use the best materials. Paving stones and bricks are commonly used, but there are other options as well. For instance, porcelain is a non-porous material that is ideal for outdoor use, as well as indoors.


Concrete pavers come in a variety of colors, textures, and shapes. They are also a good choice for areas that tend to get wet. However, they are a bit more costly upfront. If you're not sure how to choose the right pavers for your situation, you can consult with a paving company.


Unlike asphalt, concrete pavers are easy to repair. However, you might need to weed your yard or patch cracks in the pavement occasionally. You can keep the look of your pavers intact by sealing them once you install them.


Depending on your area, you can choose to lay pavers on an existing surface or on a new layer. A professional paving company can help you make sure the base is adequate for heavy usage.


The most common type of asphalt is hot mix asphalt. This mixture is heated until it reaches a temperature of 300 to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. It is then transported to the job site.


Asphalt is made of sand and bitumen. A paving machine spreads the mixture on the ground.


There are two kinds of asphalt: hot mix and warm mix. Hot mix is heated at a higher temperature, while warm mix is produced at a lower temperature.

 Paving Company in West Hollywood, California

What to Look for in an Asphalt Paving Contractor

Countryside Paving Company has been in the business of paving for over two decades. The business has a strong commitment to customer satisfaction and a long-standing commitment to excellence. The Company offers many different types of paving services including, driveway paving, walkway paving, sidewalk paving, slab paving, decorative paving, and much more. This company is able to offer these different services because they have many qualified and experienced employees. Most of the employees are unionized, which is one of the main reasons that this company is able to offer some of these paving services at an affordable price. They are also able to offer these services because most of their labor is unionized, this is why you will notice that their employees talk to you as one of the family and not just as another worker.

If you need some commercial paving services, then you can expect to have the work done quickly and efficiently. One of the major reasons that this company can provide you with great commercial paving services is because they are fully stocked with the tools and materials needed to complete your project. By having a full stock of all of the materials that you need to get the job done, you will be able to save a lot of money and time. Because the majority of the paving job requires a concrete base, this is another reason why the commercial paving company is able to keep prices low because they are able to buy these materials in large quantities. They are also able to pass these savings on to you by charging you a low price for the job.

Another reason why you should use a reputable paving company is because they specialize in all types of jobs. For example, if you are paving a parking lot, then you might want to use a paving contractor that specializes in asphalt surfaces. Parking lots are usually the most popular type of pavement job that you will find that a paving company takes on. There are a number of different things that you will need to consider when choosing a paving company to take on this job for you, but the most important consideration will be the quality of the job that you will get.

If you want to choose the best paving contractor possible for your paving needs, then you will need to make sure that you spend some time checking out different companies that offer this service. Some of the things that you will want to look for include the experience of the paving contractor. A good way to determine whether or not this is the case is to ask for references from previous clients. If you find a paving contractor that has a lot of good references, then you will want to consider hiring that contractor for your commercial paving needs. It is always best to choose a good contractor who has a lot of positive references rather than one that has a lot of poor references.

Another thing to consider is the level of skill and knowledge that a paving company has when it comes to working on an asphalt surface. You should check out the paving contractor's portfolio to see if they know what they are doing when it comes to working on asphalt surfaces. Some of the best companies in the business have been doing paving work for a long time and they have a lot of experience. It is important to know that the job that you are going to be getting done will be done right the first time around. If you have any doubts about the ability of a paving company to handle a certain type of asphalt surface, then you will want to choose another company to do your asphalt surface paving.

The last thing that you will want to consider before choosing a paving company is their longevity. It is important to choose a paving company that can stay in business for at least three generations. If you are trying to save a few bucks, you will want to look for a paving company that does not have a lot of experience. The good news is that there are many paving companies that are willing to stay in business for more than three generations. If you are trying to cut costs, however, you will want to choose a paving company that is experienced and one that offers good customer service. If a paving company cannot make an accurate estimate or provide specific information about the cost of your project within three days, then you may want to hire a different company.

If you are trying to find a paving company that can get the job done within three generations, you will need to ask them about their track record. The last thing that you want to do is hire a commercial paving contractor that is not very experienced. A good commercial paving contractor will help you to create the best-looking commercial driveway that you can possibly imagine. They will also make sure that the driveway is not only well marked but that it is properly laid and organized as well. The last thing that you want to do is hire a paving company that makes a mistake during the installation of the asphalt paving contractor.

Asphalt paving is an easy task to complete but it does require a lot of expertise. Before you hire any company, it will be important to ask them about the amount of experience that they have with asphalt paving. Any paving company should be able to provide you with a list of references that they have supplied to previous customers. You can also request to see a proof of insurance or a business license if you feel that the company does not have the proper licensing to carry out the kind of work that they are doing.

 Asphalt Paving in West Hollywood, California

Asphalt paving is one of the most commonly used forms of construction today. This is due to its high adaptability and low cost. In addition, it is also considered to be a very practical option when it comes to home paving. However, it does have certain shortcomings that need to be taken note of. Read on to know about some of these and consider whether you should opt for asphalt or not.

One of the disadvantages of using an asphalt driveway is that it can be quite slippery. You need to make sure, therefore, that you drive your car carefully on it. And even if you do so, there is still a chance of your vehicle getting stuck on the asphalt. So, you should keep a good grip on the steering wheel and use all the available help you can. This is especially important if you are making a long-distance drive.

There is also a possibility that asphalt might damage the surface underneath if it is not properly sealed. This is because asphalt is a petroleum product and petroleum products can cause damage to the environment. Therefore, you should make sure that the paved area is adequately sealed to make sure that it does not erode.

It is also important to remember that asphalt can crack when it gets too wet. If this happens, you will need to replace the area with new asphalt so that it does not get cracked again in future. Otherwise, you may end up spending more on repairing cracks that you have caused. In fact, asphalt cracks can be a real headache especially during heavy rains when the paver becomes very susceptible to water penetration.

Apart from this, asphalt is also susceptible to cracking when it is exposed to heat. This is especially true during summer months when the temperature is high. During this period, it is possible for the asphalt to get very soft and mushy. When this happens, it is much harder to seal the surface properly and repair any cracks that have developed.

Another problem that can occur with an asphalt paver is when it is being used improperly. For instance, when the asphalt paver is being used to pave driveways, it can easily grind over the edges of the driveway. The grout lines might also get damaged during this process. In fact, there are some homeowners who prefer using concrete or paved paths in front of their homes and driveways. However, they often forget that they should also seal these paths. Sealing the pathways will help to keep them protected from debris, grit, water and sand.

Homeowners should therefore find a qualified company to clean up their asphalt paver once in a while. These professionals will use a pressure washer to remove all the dirt and debris that have built up on the paver. They will then use a power washer to completely clean the water surface. After this is done, you can simply have the surfaces sealed and maintained by your local company.

By hiring a company to perform regular maintenance on your asphalt paver, you will be able to prevent some very common problems. For instance, if you find that the pavers have cracks, you can ask your local maintenance company to repair these cracks before they become larger. You can also ask them to apply new asphalt once a year. If you forget to do this, the asphalt will eventually wear out and begin to crack again. By properly maintaining your asphalt paver, you will be able to save yourself money in the long run because you will not have to call maintenance on a regular basis.

 ADA Compliance in West Hollywood, California

ADA Compliance For the Masses

ADA compliance is short for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). But technically, ADA Compliance refers to the modification of the architectural or structural elements of buildings and facilities designed for persons with handicaps. Although ADA compliant activities may include changes to a facility's exterior, many businesses and organizations prefer to focus their ADA compliance efforts on the inside of the facility. In other words, ADA compliant activities usually mean alterations to the interior of the facility, rather than the exterior. But ADA compliance really means much more than simply making changes or adjustments to make a facility more accessible.

ADA compliance is actually a legal requirement for almost all U.S. residents and visitors who are not otherwise prohibited from entering or remaining within a public accommodation. In order to meet this legal requirement, most organizations and businesses now have well developed procedures on how to make changes in their facilities without running afoul of ADA regulations. In fact, a large number of companies now have ADA compliance programs or policies as part of their general public accommodation planning and policy development. These specialized policies provide general guidelines on how to ensure that the various services and amenities provided by a public accommodation are made easily accessible to all individuals who might be disabled.

A great deal of emphasis has been placed on ADA compliance in the last decade because of the increasing presence of individuals with disabilities in the workforce. According to the American Psychological Association, disability impacts nearly one in five American adults, and almost half of these adults are women. Individuals with disabilities often face unemployment and a variety of barriers to gain employment. Therefore, it is not surprising that disability-based ADA compliance is an important part of every business's or organization's public accommodation planning and policy development.

Businesses and organizations have developed ADA compliant website content in a variety of fields, such as advertising, communications, employee relations, financial services, healthcare, hospitality, legal, marketing, and technology. In each of these fields, a variety of websites are available for ADA compliant portal access. Some of the most popular websites for ADA compliance include: The White House ADA Website, which provides a plethora of information on the federal government's ADA website; The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Fair Housing and equal opportunity policies, which provides extensive information on housing law regarding accessibility for disabled individuals; The Centers for Medicare Services' Medicare Accessibility Center, which provides accessible home page information on various Medicare issues pertaining to the law. Several state governments provide similar ADA compliant websites, as well. Most business organizations retain local ADA office staff to provide ADA assistance at meetings and seminars. You may also contact local government agencies to find out what ADA compliance requirements apply to your particular area.

In addition to creating ADA compliant websites, organizations and businesses must also take additional steps to become more accessible to individuals with disabilities. ADA Compliance Kit is a series of thirteen kits, which include comprehensive guidebooks and pamphlets that explain the legal standards governing ADA compliance. These documents provide detailed descriptions of the various types of accommodations that are required to make people with various types of disabilities able to become wheelchair accessible or use devices like walkers or scooters. Individuals who are interested in obtaining ADA training should also check their local government offices to see if they require any training or other assistance to achieve ADA compliance.

The guidelines describe the format of the Kit and give details on the accessibility of web content and other written materials. The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines outline four steps that should be followed to ensure ADA compliance. Once these four steps have been completed, individuals and businesses can apply for ADA approval.

In order to successfully complete the application process, it is necessary to obtain a letter of authorization from an individual with a disability. Individuals and businesses should not attempt to complete the application without the proper forms. A copy of the letter of authorization is then included on the ADA compliant website. To make websites more accessible for people with disabilities, many companies also make their website content accessible by using Braille fonts instead of full color. Braille text makes websites easy to read for most people. Using this option helps individuals who cannot see print to easily access websites.

ADA compliance requires organizations to take action. Without ADA compliance, individuals with disabilities will not be able to fully participate in American society. ADA compliance can be achieved by contacting the local government agencies and by ensuring that all regulations are met. Individuals who need assistance with getting ready for ADA compliance should also check the government's ADA website. Websites of state and local government agencies are also great sources for information on ADA compliance and tips for achieving ADA compliance.

 Asphalt Milling in West Hollywood, California

What is Asphalt Milling?

Asphalt Milling is the process of removing some of the top layer of paved areas. It is a cost-effective method for improving a wide range of surfaces, including roads, parking lots, bridges, and even parking garages. The process can also be used to create a new asphalt surface by adding layers of color to existing pavement. Here's a quick overview of the process. To learn more, contact an expert today.

Planning

When it comes to maintaining roads, planning and asphalt milling are important steps in the maintenance process. Planning asphalt milling can eliminate large areas of uneven surface that can lead to rutting, shoving, and washboard texture. These imperfections affect ride quality, extra wear on vehicles, and can even be the cause of a vehicle accident. The process is completely recyclable and will result in a smoother surface. The materials excavated will either be used for a new pavement project on-site or for processing.

Cold planning involves controlled removal of the top layer of pavement, and the process removes deteriorated, aged, cracked, or otherwise unsatisfactory pavement. Modern cold planers feature replaceable tungsten carbide cutting teeth and a large diameter rotary drum. These tools are also equipped with an automatic grade control system to maintain a precise grade throughout the entire process. Once the process is complete, the recycled asphalt is removed from the site and loaded onto a truck for recycling.

Fine-Milling

With its tighter tooth spacing, a fine-milling asphalt drum can be installed on a road machine with minimal depth to the road surface. This method is required to install thin HMA overlays, which can stretch maintenance budgets. But fine milling is not just about overlays. In addition to addressing other road-repair concerns, fine-milling can also help improve the appearance of roads. Here are three reasons why fine-milling is useful.

The process is used to repair cracks and potholes, and even fix foundational damages. It also eliminates deteriorating surface layers. During the process, excess asphalt is collected and used for other restoration processes. These are referred to as Recyclable Asphalt Pavement (RAP).

Reclaimed Asphalt

Reclaimed asphalt milling is a method of recycling existing asphalt pavements. This type of recycled material is used for roads and parking lots. In many cases, reclaimed asphalt is more environmentally friendly than virgin asphalt, and it can have a higher lifespan. Reclaimed asphalt is also called tarmac or recycled asphalt. Reclaimed asphalt is made from old pavement and is often more durable than virgin asphalt. The Bagela recycler hot mix performs just as well as virgin asphalt.

The unit weight of processed RAP varies, and it depends on the type of aggregates used in reclaimed pavement. The moisture content of stockpiled material has a significant impact on the milling unit weight. Although limited data is available, the average unit weight of milled RAP is 120 to 140 lb/ft3, slightly less than that of natural aggregates. Therefore, the cost of milling RAP is significantly lower than that of crushed material.

 Asphalt Patching in West Hollywood, California

Asphalt Patching is an efficient method used for repairing small sections of asphalt pavement by replace the damaged material with new asphalt only to restore its full structural strength without requiring repaving or resurfacing. This process also reduces the required amount of paving necessary and the associated costs, while increasing the durability of the pavement. This is beneficial to business owners, who may have limited budgets. It is also beneficial to local communities because it increases safety for everyone who walks or drives on the paved road.

Asphalt Patching - Keep Your Garage Looking Great and Save Money

A wide range of materials are used in asphalt patching, such as asphalt and concrete, which have different advantages over synthetic interlocking pavement mixes. Asphalt is typically the chosen material because it is the most commonly used for industrial applications, including industrial, commercial, and residential streets. Concrete, on the other hand, is used in residential neighborhoods and is relatively cheaper than asphalt. When deciding upon what material should be used, it is important that you contact an experienced asphalt paving contractor who can advise you about your particular needs. To learn more about asphalt patching, contact a paving contractor in your area today.

Most asphalt patches replace one or both of the damaged pavement panels. Depending on the severity of the damage, the repaired area may include a medallion or curb accent, which are designed to visually define the repaired section of pavement. A small curb accent, which is typically made of steel or aluminum, is typically added to the end of the repaired section of pavement to visually soften the contrast between the adjacent roadway and the adjacent sidewalk or curb. The amount of curb accent required will depend upon the severity of the damage and the length of time it will take for the repair to be completed.

Not all asphalt paving requires the replacement of damaged panels. In some cases, the damaged asphalt pavement simply needs to be repaired with a different style of asphalt. When a repair becomes necessary, contact an experienced asphalt paving contractor to find out what kind of materials are available and how much each cost. In many cases, the repair is usually cost-effective when compared to ripping up and replacing the panels. If the repair involves new asphalt, make sure to choose a company that uses high quality, fully patched asphalt that is manufactured by a reputable provider.

Another type of asphalt paving project involves leveling. In some cases, the problem is not a flat spot; sometimes it is a uneven surface. Regardless of the situation, most asphalt pavements require some leveling before they're ready for use. Because it costs so much to rip up and replace asphalt pavements, most property owners avoid tearing up and replacing their asphalt pavements if at all possible. If the area doesn't need to be leveled completely, repave the area. If the problem lies in the leveling of the paved surface, contact a reputable asphalt paving company to find out what products they recommend for this job.

Parking lots face unique problems that other pavement areas don't. In addition to tearing up and replacing asphalt pavement, parking lots may also need to be repaired or replaced with a variety of materials. The first thing you may want to consider for your asphalt pavement replacement project is the addition of a new parking lot sealer. Parking lot sealants are specially designed for asphalt pavements and provide the additional protection that asphalt parking lots need. Depending on your parking lot and budget, you may be able to simply apply the park sealer yourself using a chemical paint or roller application system.

Asphalt patching can also help in small cracks. Small cracks in asphalt driveways or patches can often be repaired easily and professionally. When dealing with small cracks, always try to work on the problem area right away. If you leave the crack open it will quickly fill with water and expand. This will cause additional damage and possibly even cost you more in the long run. For larger cracks, consult your local contractor to decide if you need to tear up the entire asphalt driveway or if a repair with a patch will suffice.

Asphalt patching should be an easy and affordable option to protect your parking lot. If you have any questions about the process, contact your local contractors. Most will be more than happy to answer your questions and give you the information you need to make an informed decision about your parking lot's maintenance. The cost of repair or replacement should be considered a monthly expense. With proper preventative maintenance your garage will be protected from stains and cracks for many years to come.

 Concrete Paving in West Hollywood, California

Concrete paving is one of the most common options to beautify a concrete driveway. It can be done in a variety of different colours and designs, such as bricks, stones, or even a unique design in a circle. In general, concrete paving is used for driveways, sidewalks, patios, and any other place where you would need to have something that will help you walk safely on your driveway or that will keep your car from sliding or tipping over. Concrete paver jobs are usually fairly easy to get, but there are a few things that you should know before you start. This article will take a look at some of the advantages of getting concrete paving, as well as some of the things that you will need to do before the job is complete.

If you are trying to decide whether this type of paving is right for you, it can be a good idea to ask to have a professional give you a look. You will be able to see if the job done looks good and if there are any problems that you might have missed if you attempted it yourself. A lot of contractors will be glad to come to your home and look at your driveway and give you an opinion on whether or not it is a good idea, which will be unbiased and based on their own experience.

There are many different kinds of concrete paver options available, so you will need to consider what kind of material you want to use when doing your paving. For instance, stone pavers are usually best suited for driveways and paths, as they are more durable than many other types of concrete. In addition, they are also usually quite beautiful. Pavers are a little bit more expensive than some others, but you are likely to have them for many years, with little maintenance required. If you are looking for a simpler option, concrete is a great choice. Concrete is relatively cheap to buy and easy to work with, while also being very strong and non-slip.

The other problem with concrete paving is that it does take a lot of effort to keep it looking nice. There will be layers of loose soil that needs to be dealt with, along with adding compacted soil to the beds as they are built up. All of this adds to the cost of labor, and the final product. If you really want a good looking driveway that requires little effort to maintain, then stone pavers would be a better option. They are more expensive initially, but will last longer, are not affected by the elements like soil compaction and others, and can even be carved into to create ornate designs.

Some people choose concrete paver technology because they think it will make their driveways stand out more. This does not really have anything to do with aesthetics, but is more about making the most of your space. Pavers are put in driveways because they create the right amount of traction, keeping the car down. If you have a straight driveway without obstacles, then the pavers may not be necessary, but for curves, or small areas that you want to have things break into, they can be very helpful.

Concrete paving does need to be done regularly, or you will find that it is not very attractive. As the material sets, tiny air pockets will form, which look a little like bubbles. These should be filled up with water as soon as they form. Once this has been done, you will begin to see a difference in your driveway. It will no longer be as slippery and will have a nice smooth and uniform appearance.

When deciding on concrete paver technology, you should consider your budget as well. There are several types of paver systems that are used for both residential and commercial applications. Some people prefer a more environmentally friendly product, which will be created using recycled materials. You should also think about whether you need a concrete paver for your driveway, or if you need the driveway done only for walkways. If there is not much traffic going through your driveway, then you don't need to make it as beautiful as if it were a major thoroughfare.

In the end, choosing concrete paving will depend on the look you want your driveway or sidewalk to have. Concrete pavers will help you get the perfect look for your home or business. Once you decide to invest in this type of water system, you will soon notice a difference in the appearance of your property.

 Crack Filling in West Hollywood, California

In the business of asphalt crack filling, you'll find a number of tools and techniques that will ensure the job is done correctly.

Tips For Asphalt Crack Filling

To start, you'll need a method for cleaning the affected area. Next, you'll need a Melter to heat up the filler and a crack applicator to fill the fracture. These tools and techniques will last longer and keep your road looking great. You can also use a Sand liner to make crack repair easier.

Epoxy and acrylic crack fillers offer a longer lifespan

There are some important differences between epoxy and acrylic crack fillers. Epoxy is stronger and offers longer lasting results. Acrylic has a lower cost but is not as durable as epoxy. Both fillers have the potential for cracking and deterioration. Both types of fillers offer more than one purpose. Each has their benefits, but the pros and cons of each material should be considered before choosing one over the other.

They resist moisture

Moisture damage occurs to an asphalt mixture when moisture penetrates through the pavement. This results in a decrease in strength and durability. A road network in Egypt, for example, has seen severe deterioration from water intrusion. The bond between the asphalt film and aggregates breaks. The degree of saturation is determined by the composition and the media of attack. The anti-stripping additive, hydrated lime, is used to prevent further deterioration of the pavement. The degree of saturation is also affected by the amount of air voids. The ratio of hydration to tensile strength determines the level of resistance to moisture damage.

They prevent potholes

If you want to avoid potholes, then you should consider asphalt crack filling. Potholes begin as small divots and gradually grow into large holes. This preventative maintenance can be done with supplies available from your local hardware store. Small cracks on the road can be easily repaired by patching them with an asphalt crack filler. This will save you money in the long run, as you will not have to spend money on expensive repairs to your car.

They prevent weeds

A cement crack filler can also keep weeds from growing in your asphalt driveway. You can buy horticultural vinegar, which is 20 percent acetic acid, and mix it with orange oil and phosphate-free dish soap. These chemical burns plant top growth and prevents them from photosynthesizing. However, be careful! This chemical can cause a mild burn and can harm the skin and eyes, so use it carefully.

They provide curb appeal

The appearance of a parking lot has a lot to do with a building's curb appeal. Curb appeal is a critical factor in sales and other observable property attributes. When a parking lot has cracks or is in poor condition, it will impact visitors and can lower the liability of the property owner. Properly maintained parking lots also enhance curb appeal, and the right crack fillings can help improve the appearance of a parking lot.

 Crack Sealing in West Hollywood, California

The process of asphalt crack sealing is a great way to improve the appearance of your driveway or parking lot. 

How to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Asphalt Crack Sealing

There are several factors to consider before choosing the right type of sealant: cost, environmental impact, and quality. Listed below are some of the main factors to consider. Once you've decided which method to use, you can move forward to the next step: evaluating the quality of sealants and the effectiveness of your crack sealing project.

Cost-effectiveness

To determine the effectiveness of different methods of crack sealing, researchers have analyzed the performance of unsealed and sealed pavement. Most studies have focused on unsealed pavement and found that sealing improves pavement performance. However, not many studies have compared the cost-benefit of different techniques. This research aims to address this gap. In this article, we will discuss the differences and similarities between these two methods.

Although it is an important preventive maintenance strategy, pavement experts differ on which method is more cost-effective. Using literature review, a survey, and field performance data, researchers have developed a cost-effectiveness guideline for pavement crack sealing. The results from this study provide a basis for comparing the various methods. Crack sealing is also more expensive than crack filling. Despite its initial high cost, crack sealing may offer longer service. More research is needed to determine whether higher performance materials are truly beneficial.

Environmental impact

While asphalt crack sealing may not have a negative environmental impact, it can have a detrimental impact on pavements. When applied improperly, crack sealing can cause damage to asphalt pavements due to moisture entrapment. Unlike other types of surface treatments, crack sealing prevents water from escaping upwards. In fact, crack sealing can reduce the lifespan of pavements by 1.1 to 2 years. This can lead to an increase in maintenance and rehabilitation costs.

This study shows that a crack seal technique can reduce emissions of nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide by 50 percent. However, the crack seal method has the lowest overall emission reduction. The researchers suggest that all methods of preventive maintenance reduce carbon dioxide emissions. They recommend that new pavement studies incorporate sustainable pavement management components and consider the environmental impact of asphalt crack sealing. The study concludes that future pavements must incorporate a comprehensive life-cycle assessment to evaluate their overall environmental impact.

Quality of sealant

When determining the quality of asphalt crack sealant, consider the following factors: Size, shape, moisture content, and repair method. Crack sealant's success depends on several factors. Generally, a crack less than 20% in crack density requires a more flexible product. In contrast, a larger crack density requires a stiffer sealant. In addition, sealant's tackiness decreases after it has been cured.

When choosing an asphalt crack filler, make sure to choose one with the right adhesive properties. Asphalt filler is not rubberized, and it might dislodge if the pavement moves. Sealant, on the other hand, expands and contracts with the pavement. If the crack filler doesn't expand and contract with the pavement, it is not the right choice. For this reason, choosing a high-quality asphalt crack filler is imperative.

 Driveway Paving in West Hollywood, California

Whether you're replacing your old driveway or simply trying to improve your curb appeal, there are a few things you need to know about driveway paving. From the cost to the materials used, here are some helpful tips to guide your next project.

What You Need to Know About Driveway Paving

The best way to determine the true cost of your driveway paving project is to get a free estimate from a driveway paving specialist near you. There are many experts ready to help. The cost of a new driveway will vary greatly depending on the size, shape, and material of the driveway.

There are four main types of driveways. They are asphalt, concrete, gravel, and pavers. All four come in different styles and performance qualities. The most popular material is a paving stone.

However, you can also install a small gravel driveway. If you are a green space fan, you may want to consider installing a grass paver instead.

The cost of driveway paving will depend on the size of your driveway, the material you choose, and the labor required. This includes the actual installation of the driveway as well as the disposal of the old material.

The cheapest material for a driveway is a gravel one. The average price ranges from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars. Alternatively, you can pay for the labor to lay down a paver base.

A properly constructed driveway can last decades. The most durable type is a gravel or grass filled plastic paver. These can be easily replaced if they start to wear out.

 Earthwork and Grading in West Hollywood, California

Earthwork and grading both play important roles in the construction process, but what exactly is each? The process of earthwork is defined as any work involving the movement of earth or soil. Grading involves the grading of the soil to conform to the requirements of a construction plan. There are many types of earthworks and grading. Let's take a look at some of them.

Earthwork and Grading - Tools to Help You Create the Project of Your Dreams

Soil grading involves analysis and testing of the soil. Basically, earthwork and grading tasks include Subgrade leveling and preparation. Backfilling. Subgrade engineering.

One of the most common types of earthworks and grading is backfilling. It is the filling of an underground pit or hole with earth. Most backfill jobs are for roads and utilities, although some home and commercial projects also use this service. Backfills involve the removal of earth that does not move into a new hole. The cost of a backfill job ranges depending on the size and material of the hole being filled.

Backfills can be as small as 5 feet, where as large as hundreds of yards are used for roadbeds and huge excavations. In the excavation type of earthwork, the job requires a giant tool like a bulldozer or tractor. The smaller earthwork and grading services entail the removal of earth using a digging machine, a scoop or a truck.

Shiloh is a type of earthwork and grading project that involves cutting horizontal slits in the earth to create pockets for pipes and electrical wires. There are two types of Shiloh. One kind is horizontal, and one is vertical. In horizontal Shiloh, the earth is removed horizontally, and the ground is leveled off. In vertical Shiloh, the earth is removed vertically, and the soil moved to create pockets for various pipes and electrical wires.

Earthwork and grading involve digging large trenches and then burrowing and pouring the earth inside them. Most earthwork and grading jobs require large, heavy earth mills. When choosing an earthwork company, you should look for experience in the type of earthwork and grading that you need. You should also inquire about the cost and whether they use specialized equipment for their earthwork jobs.

Earthwork and grading companies have their own work sites and operations. Some of them are large operations that include several people and earthmovers and half the total workforce of the land works force. Other companies operate just individually, with a few operators and a few machines. It depends on your needs and the size of your job. Some of the earthwork and grading projects can be completed quickly while others may take a few months before they're done.

When you choose a company for earthwork and grading, you should request for a free estimate. This will give you a good idea of what the project is going to cost you. It's important to know what the total cost will be before you agree to anything. There are many companies that are only concerned about the money they'll make on the project, while many companies will offer a free quote so you can determine whether or not the estimate is realistic or not. It is important to compare the costs of various companies because some of them charge you for the earthwork and grading as well as the labour charges. The cheapest company won't always be the best choice for your projects.

There are different kinds of earthwork and grading services that you can use for your projects. For example, you can use earthmoving earthworks and grading services to help you move the soil on your farm. You can also use this kind of service to level the topsoil in your backyard or in your patio. There are several kinds of earthwork and grading equipment that can be used for these projects.

You can find earth mills, trucks, and other equipment on the internet. There are also companies that can provide the equipment for your project. Many of the companies that have earthwork and grading equipment online can offer a reasonable price, so you don't have to worry about the cost of hiring outside help for your earthwork and grading project. They can also offer estimates for your projects.

Earthwork and grading can be very beneficial to you. This is especially true if you have a large amount of land that you need to work. You will be able to create projects on your own instead of relying on contractors. If you would like to make your own projects, then it is important that you learn about earthwork and grading first. This will allow you to have better success with your earthwork and grading projects. If you want to make sure that your projects are done right the first time, then you will need to make sure that you are prepared to learn all about earthwork and grading.

 Parking Lot Paving in West Hollywood, California

Whether you're building a new parking lot or upgrading the one you already have, you should be aware of the process involved. From the initial site work to the final coating, it's important to take the right steps.

How to Properly Prepare Your Parking Lot for Paving

First, you'll want to choose a contractor with the expertise and experience to get the job done right. Your contractor should also be willing to provide a full estimate of materials and labor, and the cost will vary depending on the size and complexity of your project.

Next, you'll want to decide on the type of asphalt you'll use. Traditionally, asphalt paving has been done using base asphalt mixtures over an aggregate layer. This is the most common method. The advantages of this approach include the ability to keep the parking lot at a constant elevation, which eliminates the need for underdrains.

You'll also need to decide on how you'll handle water management. The amount of water your pavement can handle is a key factor in its longevity. If you're unable to control how much moisture a surface can absorb, it can cause damage.

In addition, you'll need to make sure your sub-base is adequately prepared for a new asphalt surface. Most subgrade soils contain silt and clay. This can cause moisture to penetrate the sub-base and undermine the structural strength of the pavement.

You'll also want to consider the appropriate thickness of your asphalt paving. The thickness of your base course and surface course will depend on how much traffic your parking lot gets.

 Striping in West Hollywood, California

Asphalt is an expensive and a very common pavement material. Protecting it from inclement weather is important.

Asphalt Striping Contractors Remove Existing Strips and Paint Buttons

Asphalt striping is vital for proper parking lot upkeep. Sealing concrete helps prevent cracking and extends the life of the underlying asphalt. If protecting your investment is of topmost importance, asphalt striping should definitely be part of any asphalt maintenance schedule and road construction plan. 

Asphalt parking lots, including industrial ones, have inclement weather-related conditions more often than other parking lots. Snow, rain, sleet and even ice; conditions make this a challenge for even the most seasoned asphalt striping company. To deal with inclement weather, asphalt paint protects the integrity of the asphalt. It also works as an anti-corrosion agent. By preventing cracking and chipping, this anti-icing paint reduces the need for additional sealcoating in the future.

If the parking lot is new, it's wise to protect it with a basic asphalt striping paint. This can be applied on a new parking lot after its construction has been completed. The good side to using a standard asphalt striping paint is that it's very inexpensive. It's also easy to apply and requires only moderate labor input. A parking lot with inclement weather should be sealed immediately with a regular anti-icing paint.

Asphalt striping and sealing are both done with latex paint. These two methods work very well in combination because they seal the edges and provide a protective coat against moisture. Latex also helps to give the edges a polished appearance that many people appreciate. Because both methods use little labor, your total cost is likely to be less than what would be required for hiring professionals to complete the job. In addition, the asphalt striping will be finished sooner than what would happen if you were to hire a professional paving company.

Asphalt line striping and asphalt parking lot sealing are done with polyurethane paint. Unlike many other types of paint, polyurethane doesn't crack or chip. This type of paint is very resistant to sunlight and won't fade. By applying the polyurethane coating, you can protect your painted surface from fading even during inclement weather. You can easily scrape off the old paint and replace it with the new polyurethane coat.

Because asphalt parking lots and street markings are exposed to rain and snow, they need to be sealed in order to protect the integrity of the pavement markings and prevent leaks. Sealcoating is done on asphalt surfaces when the weather gets below freezing. You must apply the coating when the pavement is wet because the cold air will seal the moisture in the asphalt. When you drive over an asphalt parking lot, the water that has accumulated on the surface will freeze and will turn white when it gets cold. This gives you the appearance of ice.

The old driveway at your home could use a makeover. In addition to increasing curb appeal, you can improve safety and reduce energy costs by sealing your asphalt and improving the appearance of your driveway. Professional paving companies use the latest technology to seal your asphalt and lines with an advanced epoxy polyurethane coating that will not crack or chip. Improved sealing methods help prevent future water damage to your asphalt and lines. You will also find that your parking lot and street signs will be more durable and safer to drive over because of improved traction and design.

If you are looking for an economical and aesthetic appeal, epoxy polyurethane paints for paved areas can provide you with the look and durability that you want without the expense and labor of removing existing stripes and paint chips. Polyurethane gives you the benefit of high-performance, low maintenance and long-lasting protection from water, sun, stains and wear and tear. Epoxy also provides a non-reflective surface that will reduce glare and other eye-weariness associated with paints.

 Resurfacing / Overlay in West Hollywood, California

What Are the Benefits of Asphalt Resurfacing and Overlay Services? Ultimately, you'll be happy with the finished result, but what's the right approach for your situation?

What Are the Benefits of Asphalt Resurfacing And Overlay Services?

Let's look at cost, time, and preparation. Read on to learn more about repaving your driveway or parking lot. And then, contact a professional company to get the job done right! And don't forget to compare costs and labor times, too!

Cost

Asphalt resurfacing and overlay services are typically less expensive than a full reconstruction of the surface. Typically, the new layer sits one and a half to two inches above the existing concrete. Overlays are also a cheaper alternative to complete reconstruction, and they typically deliver the same level of quality. However, the cost of these services will depend on the type of asphalt you choose. Below are some of the factors to consider.

Time

If your driveway is looking a little tired, it may be time to get an asphalt overlay or resurfacing service. Asphalt overlays are a relatively inexpensive method to fix surface damage. These services apply a new layer of asphalt over the old one, and the old surface serves as a foundation for the new asphalt. Because an overlay is less expensive than a full reconstruction, it may be a better choice if your driveway is getting too old or has extensive structural damage.

Labor

If you're looking to replace the pavement on your parking lot or highway, you'll want to know how much asphalt resurfacing and overlay services will cost. The cost will depend on a few different factors, including the square footage of the road, depth of repairs, and additional materials. To get a fair estimate, ask the contractors for an estimate for the labor required to resurface or overlay your road.

Preparation

The preparation for asphalt resurfacing and overlay services begins with the removal of failed sections of the roadway. These sections are removed and replaced with a new section, either an asphalt overlay or a slurry resurfacing project. Inspectors determine which areas need resurfacing or replacement and may need surface treatment or a modified seal. This process should be performed systematically. The resulting resurfaced section will be up to one and a half inches higher than the existing concrete.

Cost-effectiveness

Using asphalt resurfacing and overlay services is an affordable and effective way to fix the problems on your pavement. Overlays can repair small cracks in your pavement, as well as fix larger ones. They are ideal for repairs of older pavements that have deteriorated. They can also improve the look of your parking lot or driveway. But how can you tell which one is right for you? Here are some tips to determine whether asphalt resurfacing and overlay services are right for you.

Problems

Overlays are an inexpensive solution to minor cracks in your asphalt driveway. However, they should only be used on a limited number of spots, such as minor stains and ruts. Overlays are not recommended for severely damaged asphalt because they may add to your total replacement cost. Instead, choose an asphalt repair company that offers a comprehensive range of resurfacing options. Listed below are the common problems associated with overlays.

 Seal Coating in West Hollywood, California

Sealcoating Your Home

When you are considering sealcoating your home, you need to decide how much the service will cost and what benefits it will offer. Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using tar-based sealants, and the requirements for sealcoating. Continue reading to learn more! You can also learn about the different types of sealants and how they can benefit your home. But before you decide to get your home sealed, you should know what it takes to make your house look great afterward.

Costs of sealcoating

Cost of sealcoating differs according to the type and amount of surface it is applied to. Residential properties typically require a single coat of sealcoating to protect them from the elements. Commercial properties, on the other hand, may require more than one coat. Commercial properties include office buildings, shopping centers, corporate campuses, industrial parks, self-storage facilities, trucking facilities, and retirement communities. Homeowners' associations, apartments, and hospitality properties can also benefit from sealcoating.

Sealcoating requires proper preparation and materials. Unlike painting, sealcoating involves a little bit of equipment. While you can hire a professional sealcoating company, the average homeowner cannot afford to hire a sealcoat professional. The cheapest tool is an industrial push broom. You can also use a power blower to remove debris, which can cost more than $1500. Once you've found a reliable sealcoating contractor, it's time to get to work!

When it comes to materials, the cost of sealcoat depends on the amount of surface area it covers. The larger the surface area, the more expensive the sealant and labor. The table below outlines the materials, equipment, and labor costs of sealcoating projects. Each category has its own breakdown. If you're unsure of the exact amount you'll spend, contact a sealcoat contractor in your area and ask them to provide an estimate.

In addition to saving on labor costs, DIY sealcoating is a fun way to spend quality time with family and friends. While DIY sealcoating is a great way to save money, it requires poor-quality tools, trial and error, and can even cause you to ruin clothes and skin. For these reasons, hiring a sealcoating company is still a smart idea. If you're considering starting a sealcoating business, consider the costs and profit potential to get started.

The average cost for sealcoating a parking lot is approximately 40 cents per square foot. But that cost can be considerably higher depending on the type of equipment and sealant you choose. Low-end sealants cost anywhere from six to nine cents per square foot and will cover up to 400 square feet. Top-grade sealants will cost as much as $25 per pail. There are many factors that determine the total cost for sealcoating a parking lot.

Benefits of sealcoating

Besides its aesthetic benefits, sealcoating also helps extend the life of pavements. Its non-porous surface makes cleaning easier, while its superior sun blocking properties prevent fading of colors. Moreover, the process of sealcoating is more cost-effective than overlaying the entire pavement. And the savings are significant since sealcoating requires minimal maintenance and reduces repair costs. Therefore, it is beneficial for business owners to invest in sealcoating services.

Besides providing an extra layer of protection, sealcoating can also prevent cracks. Water will seep into untreated asphalt, spreading cracks and weakening its integrity. However, sealcoating prevents such damages by creating a protective layer on top of the asphalt. As a result, the pavement looks newer and lasts longer. In addition to this, pavement problems will be less frequent and will only show up if the sealcoating process is not followed.

Another benefit of sealcoating is that it helps accelerate the melting of snow. When applied, sealcoating also protects against rain, frost, and water penetration. However, you should make sure that the temperature of the pavement and the surrounding air are above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Before applying the seal coat, make sure that the surface is free from dust and debris. If you need to cover a large area with sealcoating, you can also use a sprayer.

Apart from being more cost-effective, sealcoating can improve the appearance of your parking lot. For example, if your parking lot is in good shape, your customers will feel safer when they park their vehicles. In addition to this, sealcoating prevents potholes and asphalt cracks, which make parking lots look slick and safe. And if your parking lot looks old and shabby, potential customers will be repelled by it.

Similarly, asphalt pavements are susceptible to cracks and oxidation. Moreover, the expansion of water as ice can weaken the surface of the asphalt. And in some cases, the asphalt will completely wash out, destroying the gravel base beneath it. However, sealcoating can significantly extend the lifespan of an asphalt surface. And if you're wondering whether asphalt pavements need to be sealed, here's what you need to know.

Disadvantages of tar-based sealants

Many cities are hesitant to use coal tar products in new pavement. This is largely because of the carcinogenic risk of the substance, which is readily absorbed through the skin. In addition to this, coal tar-based sealants are not as long-lasting as asphalt alternatives. Therefore, customers might simply give up on resealing their pavement. This, in turn, could lead to a higher rate of resealing.

The environmental problems caused by coal tar-based sealants have prompted bans in 10 states and the District of Columbia. While research on trends in PAHs indicates that the pollution from coal tar-based sealants is not the main cause of PAHs, it may reduce their concentrations in urban water bodies. For example, a study by the University of New Hampshire found elevated levels of these chemicals in areas adjacent to coal tar. Additionally, officials in Austin, Texas, found high levels of PAHs in their waterways, which were attributed to coal tar-based sealants.

Another disadvantage of tar-based sealants is the high cost. Coal tar is expensive and not durable enough for commercial applications. In addition, it has been linked to increased traffic wearout, a condition known as raveling. DOT inspectors usually notice this problem when they come to inspect your pavement. There are no approved alternatives to coal tar emulsions. But coal tar has several advantages.

In addition to the high cost, it also contributes to pollution in the air. Children living near sealed parking lots ingest up to fourteen times more PAHs than children who don't live near these parking lots. Also, the dust generated by sealcoat abrading can lead to higher levels of PAHs than the concentrations in the air around a car. And if you're a sealcoat applicator, your skin is exposed to a higher dose of this toxic substance than you would inhale.

A study from 2009 suggests that coal-tar-based sealcoat contributes to greater PAHs than any other source. According to this study, coal-tar-based sealcoat contributed to 58 percent of the PAHs in Lady Bird Lake, a reservoir on the Colorado River in Austin. Since then, other cities have followed Austin's lead. In addition to imposing a fine, violating companies may face jail time.

Requirements for sealcoating

The initial application of sealcoat is important, but proper mix design and application rates are also important. Using a proper mix design procedure and Materials Inspection is essential to the success of any seal coat application. Once the binder is applied to the roadbed, the cover aggregate shall be removed by a rotary power broom. Then, pneumatic tire rollers will embed the cover aggregate. The inflation pressure for the rollers must be at least 80 psi. In this process, the contractor must adhere to a uniform spread pattern.

A proper cure time for sealcoats depends on weather conditions. The sealcoat material needs direct sunlight for the majority of its drying time. A mostly cloudy surface prevents proper drying and can significantly reduce the quality of the finished coating. If the surface is not fully dry, the application may be delayed or abandoned. For best results, the surface must be dry and free of water and dust before the final application. Then, the coating should cure for at least eight hours before it is opened to traffic.

The correct mix of a sealer is necessary to achieve a satisfactory result. The manufacturer of the sealer should recommend any additives that will enhance the performance of the sealer. If they are not supplied by the same manufacturer, it is advisable to consult the producer and manufacturer before making changes to the mix. Additionally, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions on application and drying time. If the application process is not properly performed, the sealer may not be effective and may cause premature wear.

A good surface is essential for the proper application of a seal coat or chip seal. For instance, a surface that is subject to heavy traffic must be level before applying the seal coat or chip seal. This will prevent bleeding, or the asphalt being tracked or failing due to excessive traffic. When the surface is unstable, a leveling course can be used before applying the seal coat or chip seal. When the surface is stable, the marking process can follow.

 Asphalt Repair in West Hollywood, California

Whether you have asphalt and concrete pavement repair needs, there are several things you should consider before making the investment. The process can be very complicated and expensive, if not performed correctly. It is essential to choose the right contractor for your asphalt repair needs.

The first thing to consider is whether or not your asphalt repair is commercial grade. Some asphalt repair businesses are only equipped to handle residential asphalt repairs. This may result in a higher price for your repair project.

Next, you should check out any credentials of the potential contractor. A legitimate asphalt repair company will be required to obtain a business license from the local government. They will also need to pass a background and fire hazard inspection. All employees should be properly trained and insured. These factors alone should give you enough information to determine if the asphalt repair company you are considering has the ability to complete your repair request.

Another important factor to consider when choosing an asphalt repair company is their price. Not all companies are created equal. You may be eligible for discounts and incentives. Before making final decisions on which asphalt repair company you want to hire, ask for cost estimates. If a price is quoted without the customer's permission, you should question why they are quoting that amount. Sometimes companies give quotes without customers' permission in order to get paid quickly for the job.

If you are in the market for asphalt repairs, you may be wondering what type of maintenance you will need to do once the job is complete. Most asphalt repair jobs are fairly simple. Repairs such as potholes should be tackled using asphalt patching materials. For larger defects, such as cracks, water damage, and other issues, it is common for the asphalt repair company to use some type of filler material to repair the problem area. This process can take several days to a week, depending on the severity of the issue.

In most cases, repairing asphalt damages is not only faster than removing them, but also less expensive. The reason for this is because asphalt repairs can be completed with the least amount of materials, as compared to other types of repairs. When it comes to other types of repair, such as for potholes and cracks, it is common to have to remove and replace damaged asphalt, as well as apply additional materials. Not only does this cost more, but also it is possible for problems to become worse before they get better.

In many cases, you may be able to get a refund or credit card offer for the cost of the repair, especially if you were not able to complete the repair on your own. With an asphalt repair company, there is a good chance that you will be able to recoup at least a portion of your investment. This is because most asphalt repair companies charge their clients based on the amount of damage. In the case of damages that are severe enough to require replacement, a company may offer their clients to either pay for the cost of having the asphalt replaced or to have the asphalt repaired so that it can be used again. However, some companies offer their customers the choice of having the damaged asphalt repaired for free, depending on the circumstances.

If you are dealing with asphalt repairs, but the damage is minor, you should be able to fix the problem yourself. There are a number of ways to fix small damage such as potholes and cracks, using sandpaper to smooth out the surface, and filling them with a filler such as dry compound. If the damage is more severe, you may need the help of a professional company. In this case, you should consult with your insurance provider to find out whether or not you can get any financial assistance towards the repair.

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